This strategy guide explains the writing process and offers practical methods for applying it in your classroom to help students become proficient writers.
The National Security Agency has obtained direct access to the systems of Google, FacebookApple and other US internet giants, according to a top secret document obtained by the Guardian.
The NSA access is part of a previously undisclosed program called Prismwhich allows officials to collect material including search history, the content of emails, file transfers and live chats, the document says. The Guardian has verified the authenticity of the document, a slide PowerPoint presentation — classified as top secret with no distribution to foreign allies — which was apparently used to train intelligence operatives on the capabilities of the program.
The document claims "collection directly from the servers" of major US service providers. Although the presentation claims the program is run with the assistance of the companies, all those who responded to a Guardian request for comment on Thursday denied knowledge of any such program.
In a statement, Google said: We disclose user data to government in accordance with the law, and we review all such requests carefully. They said they would never have been involved in such a program.
An Apple spokesman said it had "never heard" of Prism. Guardian The program facilitates extensive, in-depth surveillance on live communications and stored information.
The law allows for the targeting of any customers of participating firms who live outside the US, or those Americans whose communications include people outside the US. It also opens the possibility of communications made entirely within the US being collected without warrants. Disclosure of the Prism program follows a leak to the Guardian on Wednesday of a top-secret court order compelling telecoms provider Verizon to turn over the telephone records of millions of US customers.
The participation of the internet companies in Prism will add to the debate, ignited by the Verizon revelation, about the scale of surveillance by the intelligence services. Unlike the collection of those call records, this surveillance can include the content of communications and not just the metadata.
Microsoft — which is currently running an advertising campaign with the slogan "Your privacy is our priority" — was the first, with collection beginning in December The program is continuing to expand, with other providers due to come online. Collectively, the companies cover the vast majority of online email, search, video and communications networks.
Guardian The extent and nature of the data collected from each company varies. The revelation also supports concerns raised by several US senators during the renewal of the Fisa Amendments Act in Decemberwho warned about the scale of surveillance the law might enable, and shortcomings in the safeguards it introduces.
A chart prepared by the NSA, contained within the top-secret document obtained by the Guardian, underscores the breadth of the data it is able to obtain: Guardian The document is recent, dating to April The writing process—prewriting, drafting, revising and editing, rewriting, publishing—mirrors the way proficient writers write.
In using the writing process, your students will be able to break writing into manageable chunks and . Hawaii's source for local news headlines. In-depth coverage of Hawaii news from your trusted daily newspaper.
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Successfully creating an e-Portfolio in Powerpoint is a fairly easy task in itself, provided you remain organized and keep track of all your materials.