Sensible messages We should all welcome the full-throated repudiation of the liberal state-building model of the s in its most simplistic and hubristic forms. From the outset, the authors frame the escape from conflict as a political process driven by the emergence of institutions capable of solving context-specific collective action problems.
Democracy and development in Africa — what are the missing links? Introduction The last two decades of the 20th century witnessed renewed hope about the birth of democracy in Africa.
The process was actively supported by most segments of society; labour, students, market women, rural dwellers, and the lumped elements, which saw in it the prospects of reversing the trend of political despair and disillusionment that hitherto, characterized political life in Africa Adejumobi, The orgy of political genuity tyranny and dictatorship while having its own clientele and beneficiaries had negative and suffocating effects on the majority of the people.
The political space was contrived, entrepreneurial creativity and ingenuity stifled, and the logic of differences, of social pluralism, cultural divergences and identities, suppressed.
The opening up of the political space constitutes an uncompromisable part of the democratic agenda of the African people. Indeed, for the majority of the people, democracy is meaningful only when it delivers socio-economic goods. In other words, political democracy must be linked to socio-economic development.
The deteriorating social welfare and living standards What should be done about fragile states politics essay the people in spite of the vote for democracy is gradually undermining the confidence of the people in the new democratic order.
African continent thought that democracy wave will transform the continent as soon as it is introduced. The reality has dawn the continent whereby the expectations tend not to see the light. This paper will seek to establish the missing links between democracy and development in Africa.
The questions that this paper would try to answer are; i. What is the correlation between democracy and socio-economic development? What are the missing links between democracy and development?
How can the triple elements of economic growth, equity and social welfare be promoted in a democratic order? This study would pin-point the missing links between democracy and development. These links are the main ones that make democracy impossible in terms of its application to Africa.
As a result, this will contribute in terms of provision of important information for use by policy makers in planning, designing, and implementation and evaluation of policies and strategies both in the public and private sectors.
The intellectual debate on the linkage between democracy and development has witnessed some twists and turns driven by the currents of global political changes.
In the s and s before the current democratic upsurge, the focus of the debate on the connection between democracy and development was on how the latter constitutes a prerequisite for and enhances the former.
That is under what mode of economic system and stage of economic is development and democracy consummated? Conversely, under what form of economic system is democracy not likely to take root and grow? The economy was treated as an independent variable and the polity, dependent.
The attempt was to explain why democracy exists in some countries and not in others. The two dominant intellectual paradigms in the social sciences all this period, the modernization and the Marxist theories, share a common ground on the interface between democracy and development, albeit from different standpoints.
The modernization theory contends that democracy corresponds with the industrial phase of capitalist development. The social structure which industrial capitalism foists reinforces democratic values.
Liberal democracy is viewed as an outcome, and not a cause of economic development. In the Marxist and Neo-Marxist conception, the centrality of the economy to the mode of politics was also emphasized.
The economy was considered as the sub-structure of society, which determines the superstructure that includes the polity. As such, liberal democracy was conceived as the limited form of democracy possible under industrial capitalism.
Neo-Marxist paradigm prioritizes the issues of economic underdevelopment and dependency as the prime political agenda for Third World countries to resolve. Essentially, the effect of the intellectual currents of the s and s was a de-prioritization of democracy on the agenda of the Third World countries.
Democracy was considered a secondary priority for these countries, since in any case it could hardly evolve in those contexts. The concern was to be with the issue of economic development, after which democracy may logically follow.
This was the intellectual crest on which political dictatorship and military rule were justified in Africa.
From the s when a new tide of global democratic change resonated in most parts of the world, the emphasis of academic discourse on the linkage between democracy and development shifted to the object and the purposes of democracy.
That is, is democracy to be constructed as a means to an end or an end in itself? The debate centered on what Adrian Leftwich calls the development efficacy of democracy Leftwich, The new discourse privileges democracy and politics as the primary factor in economic development.
It turns the old argument on its head, by repudiating the theoretical prejudice that democracy is an outcome of a particular economic system and stage of development, which can be found in some societies and not in others.
Democracy assumes a universal political product.Respond to the following: What is the connection between failed (now referred to as fragile) states and terrorism and other forms of political violence? Provide an example of a failed/fragile state that is associated with terrorism.
We should be clear about this: The increasing radicalism and irresponsibility of the Republican Party, including decades of demeaning government, demonizing Democrats, and debasing norms, is what. State legitimacy is a key aspect of state-society relations. State repression and violence, which occurs in many conflict-affected contexts, results in negative experiences of citizens with the state, a legacy of mistrust, and rejection of the legitimacy of state institutions.
With almost half of the world’s poor, and a combination of weak government and divided societies, fragile states contribute disproportionately to the world’s instability and violence.
This forum seeks to understand them and address their core challenges. Politics follows geopolitics, or so it has often seemed throughout history.
When the Athenian democracy’s empire rose in the fifth century B.C.E., the number of Greek city-states ruled by. Introduction. The last two decades of the 20th century witnessed renewed hope about the birth of democracy in Africa. The process was actively supported by most segments of society; labour, students, market women, rural dwellers, and the lumped elements, which saw in it the prospects of reversing the trend of political despair and disillusionment that hitherto, characterized political life in.