Summary of the Factory Acts Children 8 and younger could not work in factories. Children between years could work no more than 9 hours a day. Children between years could work no more than 12 hours a day.
The first industrial revolution occurred betweenwhile the second industrial revolution occurred between To accomplish these aims, the federal government passed laws and created new bureaucracies.
For example, the federal In the United States, the industrial age consisted of two industrial revolutions. For example, the federal government passed the Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to protect the rights of emerging companies and workers.
The objective of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act was to prevent the forming of monopolies through trusts; the law gave the government wide powers to dissolve these trusts, as they invariably stifled competition in the marketplace.
It is important to note that this anti-trust legislation was the first of its kind in the United States. Meanwhile, the Interstate Commerce Act sought to prevent railroad companies from abusing its industry advantages.
At the time, many large railroad companies kept out their competition by leveraging economies of scale to charge lower prices.
They also gave huge discounts to larger shippers that utilized their services. The Interstate Commerce Act sought to prevent these companies from monopolizing the railroad business.
To protect the rights of child workers, the government expanded the Department of Commerce and Labor to include the Children's Bureau in The Children's Bureau became the first American federal agency dedicated to the welfare of children and families.
It was initially the brainchild of two activists, Florence Kelley and Lilian Wald. Participants of this conference lobbied Congress for three years before the U. Children's Bureau bill was passed. President Taft signed the bill into law on April 8, Inthe Bureau focused its efforts on pressuring Congress to protect child workers.
At the time, many children were forced to work long hours while being paid outrageously low wages for doing so. Additionally, these children were also exposed to unsafe working conditions in the factories. The Bureau's goal was to end the practice of child labor altogether, and it took many years before some of its objectives were accomplished.
One of its crowning achievements was the Fair Labor Standards Act, which was passed into law in The Bureau made sure that companies complied with the law, and it also regulated the participation of children under 18 years old in the labor market.As we have seen, in the early years of the Industrial Revolution, the government and the owners largely expected that the marketplace would magically self-correct the worst ills.
But it rarely did. When the government finally did intervene, it did so usually on the side of . The Industrial Revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries changed almost all aspects of life in Europe, Britain, and North America.
Industrialization was responsible for. In the US, government played different roles at different stages in the industrialization of the American economy. In the earliest days of industrialization, the government did little but to. During the Industrial Revolution, labor unions played a critical role in empowering workers.
Not only were they effective in helping improve factory conditions and pay rates, they offered workers an important entry point into the political sphere, where they came to embody a powerful constituency. The ultimate impact of the Industrial Revolution was the formation of an unprecedented regulatory state designed to protect workers and consumers.
Mechanized manufacturing brought immense consequences for labor, placing the lives and livelihood of workers at the mercy of factory owners.
Consumers. Laissez Faire affected economics during the Industrial Revolution because the people believed that it would maximize the economic growth and so everyone would benefit, including factory owners and their employees.