Main purposes for which health programmes use information and communication technology Extending geographic access: It includes what would traditionally be called telemedicine e. Improving diagnosis and treatment: It can quicken and enhance data transmission and enable remote data collection e.
DanielsMatthew J. Labrecheand Christopher R.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The pandemic has effectively diminished the workforce, increased poverty rates, reduced agricultural productivity, and transformed the structure of many rural households. Widespread AIDS-related mortality has caused a decrease in population growth for many African countries.
In turn, these alterations in population dynamics have resulted in a decrease in the percentage of prime-age working adults, as well as a gender disparity, whereby, females carry a growing burden of household responsibilities.
There is a rising proportion of older adults, often females, who assume the role of provider and caretaker for other dependent family members.
These changing dynamics have caused many to exploit their natural surroundings, adopting less sustainable land use practices and utilizing protected resources as a primary means of generating revenue.
The continent of Africa has been particularly hard hit. In response to these dismal statistics, the international community has responded by raising awareness of the medical needs of this region.
These scale-up efforts have been quite successful as millions of Africans are gaining access to life-saving antiretroviral therapies [ 23 ].
Rural livelihood depends on several factors, including, natural resources, technology, knowledge, health, and access to education; many of which have been influenced by the pandemic. To compensate, many farmers have adopted less labor-intensive, unsustainable land use practices in an attempt to increase crop yield and generate revenue, or have left crops unseeded as a result of the diminished availability of laborers [ 5 ].
Such issues are especially problematic in rural communities where many inhabitants depend on the natural environment as a source of income and as a means of preserving traditional and cultural practices [ 6 ].
The juxtaposition of these factors evokes the question: The searches were restricted to articles published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language.
Of the publications identified, 13 were included for meeting all of the following inclusion criteria: Publications failing to meet the above criteria were excluded.
The citations of relevant articles were also reviewed to yield an additional 18 articles. The articles are classified by focus area in Table 1.
Table 1 Retrieved articles classified by focus area.HIV/AIDS is a burning public health issue all over the world. The HIV disease is a leading cause of deaths worldwide and the number one cause of death in Africa. HIV primarily affects those in their most productive years; about half of new infections are among those below the age 25 years 1.
Hearing Health Foundation's (HHF) mission is to prevent and cure hearing loss and tinnitus through groundbreaking research and to promote hearing health. HHF is the largest nonprofit funder of hearing and balance research in the U.S. HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern and cause of death in many parts of Africa.
Although the continent is home to about percent of the world's population, more than two-thirds of the total infected worldwide – some 35 million people – were Africans, of whom 15 million have already died. Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounted for an .
Hearing loss can be caused by trauma, diseases, long term exposure to loud noise and other factors. hearing problems can get worse. If you have trouble hearing, you can get help. Possible treatments include hearing aids, cochlear implants, special training, certain medicines, and surgery.
Alport Syndrome (National Kidney Foundation). Previous trials involving patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) have failed to show a beneficial effect of prone positioning during mechanical ventilatory support on.
Intensifying Action Against HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to a Development Crisis, introduces the Bank’s new strategy to combat the epidemic in partnership with African governments and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).