The theory focuses on the response of the patient system to actual or potential environmental stressors and the use of primary, secondary, and tertiary nursing prevention intervention for retention, attainment, and maintenance of patient system wellness.
The philosophy writers deChardin and Cornu on wholeness in system. Von Bertalanfy, and Lazlo on general system theory. Selye on stress theory.
Lararus on stress and coping. Many known, unknown, and universal stressors exist. The particular inter-relationships of client variables at any point in time can affect the degree to which a client is protected by the flexible LOD against possible reaction to stressors.
The normal LOD can be used as a standard from which to measure health deviation. Wellness is on a continuum of available energy to support the system in an optimal state of system stability. Implicit within each client system are internal resistance factors known as LOR, which function to stabilize and realign the client to the usual wellness state.
Primary prevention relates to G. Secondary prevention relates to symptomatology following a reaction to stressor, appropriate ranking of intervention priorities and treatment to reduce their noxious effects.
Tertiary prevention relates to adjustive processes taking place as reconstitution begins and maintenance factors move the back in circular manner toward primary prevention. The client as a system is in dynamic, constant energy exchange with the environment.
The basis structure, or central core, is made up of the basic survival factors which include: Stability, or homeostasis, occurs when the amount of energy that is available exceeds that being used by the system. A homeostatic body system is constantly in a dynamic process of input, output, feedback, and compensation, which leads to a state of balance.
Degree to reaction the amount of system instability resulting from stressor invasion of the normal LOD. Entropy a process of energy depletion and disorganization moving the system toward illness or possible death.
Flexible LOD a protective, accordion like mechanism that surrounds and protects the normal LOD from invasion by stressors. Normal LOD It represents what the client has become over time, or the usual state of wellness.
It is considered dynamic because it can expand or contract over time. Protection factors activated when stressors have penetrated the normal LOD, causing a reaction symptomatology. Negentropy A process of energy conservation that increase organization and complexity, moving the system toward stability or a higher degree of wellness.The Neuman Systems Model was first developed in to assist graduate students to consider patient needs in wholistic terms (Neuman, , ).
∗ “Helping each other live” is Neuman’s basic philosophy (Neuman, , p. ) and the Neuman Systems Model is a synthesis of systems thinking and wholism that provides a comprehensive.
For the past 40 years, Dr. Betty Neuman has worked extensively advancing the Neuman systems model through her work as an educator, author, health consultant, presenter, and through writing and consultations with nursing educators, practitioners, administrators, and researchers at local, national, and international forums.
The Neuman systems model is based on a general system theory and reflects the nature of living organisms as open systems in interaction with each other and with the environment. Within the Neuman model, the client may be an individual, a family, a group, a community, or a social entity.
The Neuman Systems Model is a unique, open systems-based perspective that provides a unifying focus of approaching a wide range of international health concerns. Filipino Americans are at risk of coronary heart disease due to the presence of multiple cardiometabolic factors. Selecting a framework that addresses the factors leading to coronary heart disease is vital when providing care for this population.
The Neuman systems model is a comprehensive and. The Neuman Systems Model (NSM) is an operating framework designed to guide caregivers and administrators in helping those in their charge to manage stressors.  Globally, NSM practitioners recognize the theory as a valid method to create positive client outcomes.
Dr. Neuman aggregated health, business and academia setting best practices.