They were posted first to Ludwigsfeld, north of Munich, as part of a detachment responsible for guarding a BMW aircraft engine plant. From Innsbruck their unit went to Gilching to protect the jet fighter base and to attack Allied bombers as they massed to begin their runs towards Munich.
America was the largest military power in the world — in theory. The large population, generous natural resources, advanced infrastructure, and solid capital base were all just potential. Centralization and mobilization were necessary to jump-start this unwieldy machine.
Throughout the war hundreds more alphabet agencies were created to manage the American homefront. First the United States needed to enlarge its armed forces.
Because of the peacetime draft, the United States Armed Forces boasted over 1. By the end of the war, that number rose to 12 million. A more expansive draft and a vigorous recruitment campaign produced these results.
The colossal ranks of the armed services created a huge labor shortage. Toward this end a "Work or Fight" propaganda campaign was waged. African Americans continued the Great Migration northward, filling vacated factory jobs.
Mexican Americans were courted to cross the border to assist with the harvest season in the bracero guest-worker program.
Thousands of retirees went back on the job, and more and more teenagers pitched in to fill the demand for new labor. Posters like this encouraged Americans to conserve energy and resources by producing their own food. The United States government spent over twice as much money fighting World War II as it had spent on all previous programs since its creation.
Tax rates were raised to generate revenue and control inflation. Still, more money was needed so the government again launched Liberty and Victory Loan Drives like those that helped finance the First World War.
In addition, the size of the federal government more than tripled from about a million workers in to almost 3. The United States managed to raise enough food and raw materials in the First World War through voluntary measures.
This time, federal officials agreed that only through rationing could the demands be met.
Americans were issued books of stamps for key items such as gasoline, sugar, meat, butter, canned foods, fuel oil, shoes, and rubber.
No purchase of these commodities was legal without a stamp. Victory speed limits attempted to conserve fuel by requiring Americans to drive more slowly. Rotating blackouts conserved fuel to be shipped overseas. Groups such as the Boy Scouts led scrap metal drives. Consumer goods like automobiles and refrigerators simply were not produced.
Women drew lines down the backs of their legs to simulate nylon stockings when there were such shortages. Backyard gardens produced about 8 million tons of food.
Propaganda movies shot by famed directors such as Frank Capra inspired millions. The accomplishments of the American public were nothing short of miraculous.
The navy had fewer than 5, vessels prior to the bombing at Pearl Harbor. Bythey had over 90, In addition, over 80, tanks and nearlyaircraft were produced during the war years.Recreational and professional activities bring people in contact with water everyday.
Safety on and near the water is an issue for the weekend sail boater as well as for military and rescue personnel. Life was very hard for people during World War II. Resistance movements emerged all across Europe. Russian people starved and American women had to work in factories and supply soldiers with weapons.
The Life During World War II. My grandm other, Gisela, lived in Hamburg, Germany, during World War II in Europe. From 1 she went through many trials and tribulations.
Even though she was a youth, she was not easily brainwashed like Hitler's youths. Although she was young, approx imately at the age of ten, she wa sn't .
Time of Remembrance Field Trip Tour Bringing the history of life behind barbed wire during WWII alive for students January through March each year. WWII Diary Shows Surprisingly Ordinary Life of Berlin Teenager Hairdos and Movies The Carefree Life of a Teen in Wartime Berlin The diary of Brigitte Eicke, a Berlin teenager in World War II, is an account of cinema visits, first kisses, hairdos and dressmaking, along with a brief, untroubled reference to disappearing Jews.
The movie has an important place in American history—and the history of LIF.