Issues in the correctional systems of the united states essay

January is over. Instead of reading about the past, check out 's issues to watch. States and localities will spend much of their time this year grappling with troublesome new realities and trying to work out their relationship with Washington. New realities are a given in any governmental year, but the crop includes some unusually potent ones.

Issues in the correctional systems of the united states essay

Strategies to Improve Retention By Published: For the full report, go to www. Moreover, rapid turnover is making it nearly impossible for prison systems and correctional administrators to provide an experienced and cost-effective security workforce.

Issues in the correctional systems of the united states essay

This review of material related to CO turnover uncovered several important issues. CO turnover is on the rise, and the cost of replacing these well-trained employees is growing. In addition, prison populations are escalating, contributing to the problems associated with recruitment and retention of prison staff.

The labor market is getting tighter i. Furthermore, state and federal budgets are being squeezed too tight to be counted upon to resolve these issues any time soon.

Because significant CO pay increases are highly unlikely, managers need to implement proven employee retention strategies. Beyond this, it is incumbent upon correctional administrators and managers to learn everything possible about hiring and maintaining a well-trained correctional workforce.

An agency or institution's success in the employee retention battle often provides an accurate indication of the overall success of the organization. A decision to terminate can result in lost opportunities to network or retrain to learn new skills that would be useful in future jobs.

The contributing factors leading to turnover of staff are varied, but it is easier for staff to develop an intention to leave a job when the boss-employee relationship is strained, the pay is not considered fair, training is nonexistent, or the work unchallenging. Many agencies are battling to keep top employees by implementing a general employee retention model that has limited cost impact and is under the control of supervisors.

Control the environment, trainer, and mentor, from the time of initial contact, to provide the appropriate first impressions. Provide information to staff continuously, noting the positives about the organization. Use training and other opportunities to develop staff skills and career potential.

Establish realistic performance goals and objectives. Incorporate staff into the decision-making. It is clear that development of a strategic workforce plan is important to get a clear sense of where the agency is going, what steps it needs to take, and how to track progress.

Prison Reform and Alternatives to Imprisonment

Barlow and Fogg suggest ten "imperatives" to use as a guide. Their plan assists human resource staff and other stakeholders in defining needed action steps to close gaps that may preclude an agency from reaching workforce goals.

The plan imperatives include external and internal steps. Employees in correctional agencies also want a good place to work, with managers who exhibit appropriate attitude and behavior.

To illustrate the possibility of a correctional agency being a good employer, the Fortune Magazine named the Denmark Department of Justice as one of the best employers in Denmark Levering, That same study found three quarters of the employees surveyed believed the quality of supervisory relations and employee ability to establish a balance between work and home life as very important for retention.

Of the human resource professionals that contributed to the survey, 98 percent indicated their organizations needed to do a better job on staff retention. Turnover drives recruitment in the correctional system operation. Recruitment and initial training are costly and burdensome.

These activities typically draw upon the expertise of supervisors and line staff, which depletes their ability to address the daily operational demands of the facility. High turnover forces administrators to pay attention and reevaluate retention strategies; otherwise, they or the organization will pay the price.

Management can use data from exit interviews and staff surveys to help determine which retention strategies to implement.

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Related essays: Get Access The Problem Of Overcrowding In Prisons Criminology Essay A prison is a topographic point for parturiency of people who have been involved in serious offenses such as felonies. Unlike gaols, prisons are administered by province, provincial, national authoritiess and house inmates for a long period of clip.

In addition, market surveys are helpful in determining the competitiveness of wage and benefits. Strategies to enhance recruitment and retention systems should also include processes to evaluate longstanding practices. One such practice is putting a recently retired, long-term ex-correctional professional back into a training academy with the new recruits.

Some states also advertise externally for wardens or deputy wardens, permitting a direct hire, yet do not permit a retired correctional professional who has supervisory experience to be directly hired as a supervisor i.

Organizations that implement strategies designed to improve retention are able to decrease the need for new staff and lower the costs associated with turnover. Recruiting Top corrections agencies focus on understanding the dynamics associated with continuously improving their recruitment and selection processes to meet short-term hiring goals as well as long-term strategic goals.

Some agencies have successfully capitalized on the ability of current employees, who receive monetary rewards in most cases, to bring in recruits. In an effort to reduce its staff attrition rates, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice TDCJ initiated a "war on attrition," implementing a variety of programs.

Linking the quality of work life to its ability to recruit and retain staff, Texas recognized that the same factors that encourage retention also help recruitment. One successful program used monetary inducements for officers to refer applicants.

That program had produced approximately new correctional officers as of June TDCJ made use of all the traditional sources of applicants and even worked the direct mail. It also encouraged former staff to come back to work part-time Castlebury, Whatever the reason, it leaves the United States with the distinction of having the largest prison population and the highest rate of incarceration in the world.

Because the female prison population is growing so rapidly, prison administrators are taking a closer look at the conditions and the needs of women in prison, specifically those that. Smith (), the history of correctional counseling in the United States may be divided into thr ee stages: (1) fr om the s to , (2) fr om to the mid- .

The United States has a, what seems to be everlasting, prison overcrowding problem. Not only does the United States have this dilemma, but also many other countries have overcrowded prisons as well.

Many issues need to be addressed; ways to reduce the prison . Critical Criminal Justice Issues. FOREWORD Aspen Systems Corporation, under the direction of the National Institute of Justice.

My thanks go to Aspen for superbly summarizing the reports. United States are lack-ing fundamental ele-ments essential for human development. The first component of the United States correctional system that I have chose to discuss is the problem caused by overcrowded prisons.

This is an important topic because overcrowded facilities are a huge problem in America and are very detrimental to society. The Prison Industrial Complex and United Sates International Prisons are forces that deal with these issues.

The United States incarcerates more people than any other country globally each year.

Issues in the correctional systems of the united states essay

America uses prisons as a solution to reduce crime, however the situation continues to deteriorate instead of rehabilitate and combat the problem.

U.S. Criminal Justice System Overview | attheheels.com