The Parliamentarian faction got gained the First English Civil War, however they failed to reach a constitutional settlement deal with the defeated Charles I. When the members of Parliament and New Model Military were faced with Charles' perceived duplicity, they attempted and performed him. Administration was changed with a fresh body called the Council of Point out, which due to fundamental disagreements within a weakened Parliament, was dominated by the Army.
Within weeks leading Friends travelled to the county to give him support. George Fox preached at Coggeshall and Colchester during July and two itinerant Friends, Richard Hubberthorne and Edward Burrough, were also known to be active in the county.
Within a year of his arrival in the county he died while incarcerated in Colchester goal. In a foothold was established in Harwich and over the next decade many prominent Friends, among them Josiah Cole, Charles Marshall, and Sam Cater, traversed the county in search of converts.
His attack on magistracy and the judge who tried him,9 along with the apparently subversive content of his teaching, must have caused alarm. It was only a matter of time before the county authorities took stern action against Friends.
For some time the Quakers continued to interrupt church services and their numbers still grew. From a thousand and a quarter Quakers in the county over the period tothe figure rose by more than six hundred in the next decade.
The membership peaked over the ten years up towhen it had over two thousand followers. Even such action as that might have been ineffective, for the success of Quakerism lay in more than the commitment and quality of its leaders; it depended as much upon its appeal to ordinary men and women for whom it filled a spiritual void.
Once Quakerism had taken proper root, it would prove very difficult to eradicate. Our heart will be more enlarged to hear that the war prospers in England.
Write and let us know, that we may partake with you in rejoicing; and assuredly you may praise the living God on our behalf. It was a Trojan horse of all heresies, every man might be of this comprehensive Religion with a Salvo to his own.
The Friends were part of a tradition of Protestant thinkers who gave a special prominence to the workings of the Spirit, but unlike Puritans and some other reformers Quakers did not accept that such experience needed the safeguard of tradition and the weight of biblical authority behind them.
In both their religious and their social doctrines the early Friends were in many respects the most extreme of godly Puritans. Quakers believed that all mankind possessed a divinely implanted inner light which had a potential saving power. This was certainly comforting to some and surely helped swell the ranks of the movement, but it also directly challenged the influential doctrine of predestination, which advanced the notion that all men were either preordained to reach heaven or doomed to eternal perdition.
He expounded his views in a famous passage in his Journal: For I saw that Christ had died for all men. I saw that the grace of God, which brings salvation, had appeared to all men, and that the manifestation of the Spirit of God was given to every man to profit withal.
After the Fall man was so mired in sin as to be unable to discern the will of God. When redemption was delivered it was through the supernatural workings of the Spirit, whose latent presence was drawn out through study of the Bible. Spirit and Bible together could deliver salvation but even then only partially: Reardon, Religious Thought in the Reformation Harlow,chaps.
The proposition shocked many, for its implication was that pagans, heathens, and even the Turks might be saved even though they possessed no knowledge of the scriptures or Christ.
Worse, it was objected by some that under this doctrine even those who were sinners might be redeemed. But the divergence came over issues larger than free will and determinism, for Quaker theology seemed to destroy the need for the scriptural revelation or even the atonement of Christ.
Thomas Comber, the Dean of Durham, spoke for many when in he published a critique of the Quaker position: The great Mogul hath this Religion as much as George Fox.
This lays aside all that Jesus was, Did, Taught and Suffered. Nuttall, Holy Spirit, 20—30, —2. John Stalham, Marginall Antidotes1. Josselin, Diary, Jan. This dethronement of the scriptures found its most extreme representation in reports that Quakers set fire to Bibles at assemblies for worship as testimony to the power of the Spirit within.
They were convinced that the Spirit which guided them was the same as that which inspired those who wrote the original scriptures. It followed that the Word could not be accepted as ruler over the Spirit. Moreover, Quakers went further in challenging orthodoxy by suggesting that it was now the inner light which should test the Word and not vice versa.
Ralph Josselin noted his anxieties about this doctrine in his Diary in Though all Bibles were burnt a Quaker light would verbatim, write a new one. Opponents were quick to signal the real dangers inherent in the Quaker position and their repugnance at this error.
If the Bible was denigrated as the yardstick by which the leading of the Spirit was to be judged, how then could one discern whether the inspiration was genuinely divine or mere mad whimsy?
Brinton, Friends for Years 28 repr.Interpreting Gerrard Winstanleys True Levellers Standard Advanced History Essay August 31, admin Articles 0 The seventeenth century was a polar point in England ‘s history and the twelvemonth CE in specific was a clip of great societal agitation in England.
Interpreting Gerrard Winstanleys True Levellers Standard Advanced Background Essay The 17th century was a pivotal point in England's background and the entire year CE in particular was a period of great public unrest in England.
Interpreting Gerrard Winstanleys True Levellers Standard Advanced History Essay The 17th century was a pivotal point in England’s history and the year CE in particular was a .
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