The two huia feathers in her hair, indicate a chiefly lineage. She also wears a pounamu hei-tiki and earring, as well as a shark tooth mako earring. The moko-kauae chin-tattoo is often based on one's role in the iwi. They originated with settlers from eastern Polynesiawho arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages at some time between and CE.
See Article History Alternative Titles: New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1, miles 1, km southeast of Australiaits nearest neighbour. The country comprises two main islands—the North and South islands —and a number of small islands, some of them hundreds of miles from the main group.
The capital city is Wellington and the largest urban area Auckland ; both are located on the North Island. New Zealand administers the South Pacific island group of Tokelau and claims a section of the Antarctic continent.
Niue and the Cook Islands are self-governing states in free association with New Zealand. Stephen Patience New Zealand is a land of great contrasts and diversity. It is the sole home, for example, of the long-beaked, flightless kiwithe ubiquitous nickname for New Zealanders.
Thereafter it was successively a crown colony, a self-governing colonyand a dominion By the s it controlled almost all of its internal and external policies, although it did not become fully independent untilwhen it adopted the Statute of Westminster.
It is a member of the Commonwealth. I have modest abilities, I combine these with a good deal of determination, and I rather like to succeed.
Economically the country was dependent on the export of agricultural products, especially to Great Britain.
The entry of Britain into the European Community in the early s, however, forced New Zealand to expand its trade relations with other countries. It also began to develop a much more extensive and varied industrial sector.
Tourism has played an increasingly important role in the economy, though this sector has been vulnerable to global financial instability. Immigration from other areas—Asia, Africa, and eastern Europe—has also made a mark, and New Zealand culture today reflects these many influences. Minority rights and race-related issues continue to play an important role in New Zealand politics.
Land New Zealand is about 1, miles 1, km long north-south and about miles km across at its widest point. The country has slightly less surface area than the U. About two-thirds of the land is economically useful, the remainder being mountainous.
Because of its numerous harbours and fjordsthe country has an extremely long coastline relative to its area. Land has existed in the vicinity of New Zealand for most of the past million years. The earliest known rocks originated as sedimentary deposits some million to million years ago, at the close of Precambrian time 4.
This environment lasted about million years and is typified by both downwarped oceanic sedimentary rocks and terrestrial volcanic rocks. This period was terminated in the west at the beginning of the Cretaceous Period about million years ago by the Rangitata Orogeny mountain -building episodealthough downwarp deposition continued in the east.
These mountains were slowly worn down by erosionand the sea transgressed, eventually covering almost all of the land. At the end of the Oligocene Epoch about 23 million years agothe Kaikoura Orogeny began, raising land above the sea again, including the Southern Alps of the South Island.
Many of the great earth movements associated with this final orogeny took place and take place today along faultswhich divide the landscape into great blocks, chief of which is the Alpine Fault of the South Island.
The erosion and continued movement of these faulted blocks, together with the continuing volcanism of the North Islanddefine to a large extent the landscape of the country. Erik Morlang New Zealand is part of the Ring of Fire —the circum-Pacific seismic belt marked by frequent earthquakes and considerable volcanic activity.
Their collision creates violent seismic activity in subduction zones and along faults. Numerous earthquakes occur annually, including hundreds that can be felt by New Zealanders. A number of these temblors have been disastrous, such as one that devastated the towns of Napier and Hastings in and a series of quakes that did likewise in Christchurch in — Both the North and the South islands are roughly bisected by mountains.
Swift snow-fed rivers drain from the hills, although only in the east of the South Island have extensive alluvial plains been built up.
The alluvial Canterbury Plains contrast sharply with the precipitous slopes and narrow coastal strip of the Westland region on the west coast of the South Island.
Aoraki at 12, feet 3, metres —and some 20 other peaks that rise above 10, feet 3, metresas well as an extensive glacier system with associated lakes.The word Maori means the indigenous people of New Zealand as well as their language but there are lots of debates about maori culture people of new zealand.
The ancestors from the Maori were a Polynesian people caused by south-east Asia. From CIA World Fact Book. History. Prior to the arrival of the English, New Zealand was discovered by the Maori, who were believed to have arrived in New Zealand from .
New Zealand, along with all nations, is acutely religious. But, more than most Western countries, the dominant religion is now the Established Religion. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
Indigenous Fijians are descended from the Lapita peoples, a seafaring group from eastern Indonesia or the Philippines who probably arrived in the Fiji Islands during the second millennium B.C.E.
and later interbred first with Melanesians from the west and subsequently with Polynesians (also Lapita descendants) from the east.
In this involving, compassionate memoir, Christina Thompson tells the story of her romance and eventual marriage to a Maori man, interspersing it with a narrative history of the cultural collision between Westerners and the Maoris of New Zealand.
Māori are the tangata whenua, the indigenous people, of New Zealand. They came here more than years ago from their mythical Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki.
Today Māori make up 14% of our population and their history, language and traditions are central to New Zealand’s identity.