A comparison of the different military technologies of the byzantine empire and the muslim empire

On the most surface level, there is the obvious distinction between the dominant religions of the two groups.

A comparison of the different military technologies of the byzantine empire and the muslim empire

Ottoman domain by the s, dotted line indicates conquests up to To solve these problems Michael Palaeologus began consolidating his rule; he had the younger co-emperor John IV blinded, which resulted in much resentment.

The death of the old Byzantine Emperor came as a relief for the society at large; his policy of Latin appeasement to the Church in Romeheavy taxation and military expenditure placed a severe burden on the people. He began to debase the Byzantine hyperpyronresulting in a reduction of the value of the Byzantine economy; taxes were decreased for the Powerful, i.

To popularize his rule he repudiated the union of the Orthodox and Catholic Churches decreed by the Second Council of Lyon inthereby further increasing hostilities between the Latins and the Byzantines.

Early successes were rendered useless when Alexios staged an unsuccessful coup, leading to his blinding and the end of his campaigns. This allowed the Ottomans to lay siege to Nicaea in Under the guidance of Michael IX and the leadership of Roger de Florthe 6,strong Catalan Company in the spring and summer of managed to drive back the Turks.

Byzantine Empire

Once again these gains were thwarted by internal matters. Roger de Flor was assassinated and, in revenge, his company began pillaging the Anatolian countryside. When they finally left in to attack Byzantine Thrace, the locals welcomed the Ottomans who once again began blockading key fortresses in Asia Minor.

Many of the peasant classes in Anatolia saw the Ottomans as the better master. He kept on pressing for his inheritance and, inwas made co-emperor. This culminated in the Byzantine civil war of —in which Serbia backed Andronicus II and the Bulgarians backed his grandson. Siege of Nicomedia The Ottoman Sultanate operated vast numbers of skilled troops and conscripts.

InByzantine troops were sent to meet the Ottoman forces [14] who had been blockading, and in effect laying siege to, Nicaea since The fate of Nicaea was sealed when the Byzantine relief army was defeated at Pelekanos on 10 June Unfortunately for the Byzantine Empire, this did not stop the Ottomans from laying siege to Nicomedia in ; the city finally fell in Nonetheless, these isolated Islands were isolated exceptions to the general trend of increasing Ottoman conquests.

Furthermore, none of the Islands were a part of the Ottoman domain; their capture demonstrates the potential that the Byzantines had at the time of Andronicus III. Byzantine military ability would be further weakened by Serbian expansions [14] into recent acquisitions by Andronicus III Epirus and finally by a devastating civil war that would subjugate the Byzantine Empire as a vassal to the Ottomans.

Balkan invasion and civil war: Rivalries between Kalekas and Cantacuzenus led to a destructive civil warin which Cantacuzenus emerged triumphant at Constantinople in February During this time plagueearthquakes [18] and Ottoman raiding continued until only Philadelphia remained in Byzantine hands and only so by payment of a tribute.

Throughout the civil war the Byzantines on both sides employed Turks and Serbs with mercenaries pillaging at will, [19] leaving much of Macedonia in ruin and in the hands of the newly created Serbian Empire.

Following this victory, Kantakouzenos ruled as co-emperor with John V. John VI Cantacuzenus emerged triumphant once again and replaced the now exiled John V Palaeologus with his son Matthew Cantacuzenus as junior co-emperor.

The arrival of the seemingly unbeatable Ottoman soldiers surrounding Constantinople caused a panic in Constantinople, capitalized by John V who, with the assistance of the Genoesestaged a coup and ousted John VI Cantacuzenus in November As a result, John VI would later become a monk.

His capture in ended his dreams of becoming Emperor and with it came an ephemeral defeat for the Ottomans who had favored the overthrow of John V.

In Didymoteichon fell to the Turks.

A comparison of the different military technologies of the byzantine empire and the muslim empire

However, just like Alp Arslan of the Seljuk TurksMurad I left the taking of Byzantine territory to his vassals with Philippopolis falling after major campaigning between —4 and Adrianople succumbing to the Ottomans in Murad I crushed an army of Serbians on 26 September at the Battle of Maritsa [22] leading to the end of Serbian power.

The Ottomans were now poised to conquer Constantinople. In an attempt to stave off defeat, John V appealed to the Pope for support offering submission to Rome in return for military support. Despite publicly confessing the Roman Catholic Faith in St. John V therefore was forced to turn to reason with his enemies, the Ottomans.

Murad I and John V then came to an agreement whereby Byzantium would provide regular tribute in troops and money in exchange for security.

However, whilst Constantinople had been neutralized, the surrounding Christian powers were still a threat to the Ottomans and Asia Minor was not under complete Ottoman control.

Other smaller states were subjugated as vassals, including the Serbs. Serbian resistance was crushed at the Battle of Kosovo inmuch of Bulgaria was taken in by Bayezid I [23] the Thunderbolt and in the last bastion of Bulgarian independence was wiped out when Vdiin[ clarification needed ] fell.

Map of the Middle East c.The Byzantine Empire, as distinct from the Latin Roman Empire, lasted for about years, eight centuries of which ove This page may be out of date. Save your draft before refreshing this page. The Similarities between: The Byzantine Empire and Islamic Civilization Words 3 Pages Much of past civilizations have endured many failures and triumphs throughout their existence.

The Islamic Empires Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India End of the Byzantine Empire - Becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire Suleyman the Magnificent () combines different cultures under .

Byzantine empire () The eastern half of the Roman Empire, which survived after the fall of the Western Empire at the end of the 5th century C.E. Its capital was Constantinople, named after the Emperor Constantine.

The Byzantine Empire and Islam by Jim Jones, West Chester University of Pennsylvania (c) BYZANTINE EMPIRE. Ultimately, a rival Turkish Muslim group, the descendants of a military leader named Othman.

Although the loss of life pales in comparison to , the Battle of Brandywine also occurred today. Byzantine empire vs Roman Empire (attheheels.comy) submitted 1 year ago by _stacks.

If it's the entire military of the Byzantine empire vs the entire military of the Roman empire, of course the Roman empire would win on account of its.

The Differences & Similarities Between the Byzantine & Islamic Empires | Synonym